The Easter Island is also called as Rapa Nui (Polynesian), in Spanish it called Isla de Pascua, and this Easter Island is located in the South of Pacific. The beautiful Easter Island is belonging to Chile and it is about 3700 km from the Chilean mainland. The closest habitable island of the Easter Island is the Pitcairn which is in a distance of over 2000km.
Easter Island is the most isolated spot in the world; it is the place that far away from another human settlement. It has nearly 4,000 residents that now living on the 165 square meter island. Most of the residents in the island are live in the capital of Hanga Roa.
Easter Island is volcanic in origin and has much fertile soil. The Easter Island is the main island of the three tiny neighboring island which are; Motu Nui, Motu Iti and Motu Kao Kao.
This island was named by the Dutch navigator Jacob Roggeveen, who is there at Easter and landed on April 5 1722. There are also volcanoes and white sand that can be found in the Rapa Nui’s world famous moai which is a stone statue. There are also other traces of a mysterious culture can be seen into this day.
The Easter Island was settled around the year of 400 AD from the investigation of the archaeological history. The deviation of the day to the spoken dialect of the Polynesian Easter Island to the west of the Polynesian is spoken in the opinion of linguist consistent with this timing of the settlement. They also do comparative studies of the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) that have the origin of the Polynesian inhabitants of Easter Island confirmed. It was made at least 30,000 years to the time of settlement that the island was forested, pollen from the Easter Island palm, the Toro Miro which is only found in botanical Garden and the Hauhau were detected in large numbers.
The Easter Islanders used the forest resources for the production of boats with which they went to the sea to catch fish. Due to the find of Dolphins bones it is suggested that they were able to travel long distances and were fishing not only in island nearby.
There are also large quantities of bones of many seabirds like albatrosses, and boobies which is indicates that this island is the formerly housed of important colonies. There were also a number of local bird species.
The natural wealth of the island was increase in population. It is estimated that the flowering period (around 1200-1400) about 7000-20000 people that are living on the island.
During this time period there were the stone statues which are representing the deceased chiefs. This should to continue to protect the island. There was a strong competition between the tribes and the largest statue which is unfinished statue has a height of up to 8 meters.
The end of this period coincided with the disappearance of the last forest. The wood was scarce and the last statues were lack of levers and wheels. Without the woods there were lush flood resources of the sea is no longer be achieved, resulting in a widespread cannibalism. And this time apart had military settlements and a significant population drop.
When the Dutch navigator Jacob Roggeveen landed on the island on 1722 and he found about the 2,000 residents that is living in poverty which has no fire wood, and only a few and to have had inferior boats. In less than 1300 years the fertile island had been made to the Badlands.
In 1888 the Easter Island was annexed by Chile. The inhabitants of the Easter Island see themselves as an independent state and have been fighting for years for this.
In order to give expression to their origin it is characterized many of its own Passport of the Republic of Rapa Nui but it is not officially stamped by the administration.
Native shows for the tourist that is mostly held on Saturdays, Mondays and Thursday. There are many bars and a disco that can be found in the village center.
The climate in the island is oceanic and mild and relatively dry. The temperatures are between 12 and 30 degrees at night in winter. And the water temperature is consistently above 18 degrees.
The inhabitants in the island are speaking Spanish as well as Rapa Nui. English language can communicate quite well but mostly it, almost all more or less well.
In the period from the second Saturday in October until the end of March; Central European Time (CET)-6 hours; in the period from the second Saturday in April through September: Central European Time (CET) -8 hours in the intervening period: GMT -7 hours. The time interval from -2 hours to the Chilean mainland is politically determined and does not much the natural period (the currencies -4 hours). The definition of the time is not consistent with the actual experienced what one finds in the morning on rising at the midday sun and the evening as the sun very quickly.
Insider Tips to Easter Island
On the edge of the crater it gives spectacular views. From there you have a great view of the three small reef of the Easter Island. In the vicinity is also the ceremony of Orongo system. Whale watching
One sees sperm whales off the island; it is appearing there for air with a truly graceful movement. A picnic in a gigantic company is at Rano Raraku, the birthplace of the moai, which stand or lays here around 300 stone statues of enormous size.
The Easter Island has a well constructed airstrip but this island has no airport. Only the Lan Chile has flight rights and can flies in the high season like November- March, alternating between Santiago de Chile and Papeete (Tahiti) to the island. The flight from Santiago is about four and a half hours. In the season Lan Chile also offers charter flights.
The cheap flights are connecting it from Lan Chile via Frankfurt aM-Madrid- Sao Paulo-Santiago- Hanga Roa (Easter Island).
It is give the possibility by ship from Valparaiso to visit the island but the ships go only twice a year. It is about 1 week to the island and the departure times may well move to a month.
The main attraction and the no.1 tourist destination on the Easter Island are the huge stone sculptures that are called Moai. These are weight 80 tons and the construction of many mysteries has given up. The initial number of the stone faces is nearly estimating 1000 but today there are 638 sculptures indexed. It is believed that represent tribal chiefs or dignitaries. There are also other attractions in the island like the Hanga Roa (Bahia Ancha-Wide Bay) it is the only city and also the capital of the island. Almost all of the residents are to be found there single story houses, that living far apart. West of the island is the main roads of Policarpo Toro and Te Pito o Te Henua. There are also shops and public buildings in the city.
Father Sebastian Englert Anthropological Museum
It was the named of a German priest that named the Museum, which arrived in 1935 on the island. It shows to his church work with a strong interest in the culture of Rapa Nui. Through his study he examined the language of the traditions and the archaeological remains. In this museum there is an interesting archaeological collection that about the local culture over the graphic representations, that carved figures, both the female Moai figure in the sector Tahai.
Caleta de Hanga Roa and Tai
This is a little bay that is used primarily as a fishing port. The boats of tourist can also place here. From this fishing harbor you can start canoeing, diving and sailing. This region offers a variety of restaurant and local arts and crafts. This fishing port were built in 1966-1967 for the same stones as well as the built of ahu the ceremonials centers.
Village of Orongo
The village of Orongo is the ancient ceremonial village and was the choice of the Tangata Manu (birdman) or King of the War. Between the board and various clans of the island the elections was held. Who can bring the first egg of the Manutara was the winner of the competition. There is two species of migratory birds stop there that make the change of the seasons, Tonga is winter and Hora is summer.
Ahu Akivi is consists of seven Moai and over look to the sea. These seven Moai is representing scouts who were apparently sent by the king Hotu Matu’a. It is one of the few Ahus which are in the interior of the island. The Ahu Akivi was restored under the scientific control in 1960 to 1961. The slopes of the volcano Maunga Terevaka is this monument.
Ahu Te Pito Kura
The largest Moai is housed here. This giant weighs is more than 74 tons and the height is 80 feet tall. Right next to this statue is a beautiful rounded stone that is called Te Pito o Te Henua, this is the navel of the world as the ancient Rapa Nui is located 26 kilometers northeast of Hanga Roa.
Ahu Akahanga is also known as the King’s Platform. Hotu Matua the Inhuman King is also buried in this place. It is 81 meters by 3.25 meters width of the Ahu, and several phases can be seen. This is consists of 13 between 5 and 7 meter wide Moai, and some are broken or fallen over. It has also four different platforms and pukao. The different foundations of boathouses can be seen a few yards away. The former bay is a boat ramp connected that located 10 miles east of Hanga Roa.
It consists of three ahu and is regarded as a historical monument. Of these three only two are remained. Its well laid stone wall is the Ahu Vinapu reference. It is compared with the stone walls of Manchu Picchu in Peru. The Ahu do this winter season has, it has an astronomical significance. Today the six moai that time stood on this platform in the area scattered. A second Ahu is right next to it and it called Vinapu II, this is has also astronomical functions. A red clay figure that stood before the ceremonial center is the figures that probably represent a woman with two heads is. These lie in the west on the south coast.
Bahia de la Perousse or Hanga Hoonu
Conde de la Perousse is the French adventurers that went there in 1776. He introduced animals like the Peacock (koro-koro) the pig and ducks and other species. Because of the existing animals there, the name of the bay is translated into Place of the Sea turtles. Earlier it used to be a small fish bay, and it is still used frequently. Some of the stone towers are very close to the fishing cove, which is used of the island residents as observation point for the arrival of the turtles. The bay is 27km northeast of Hanga Roa.
The Easter Island has ten hotels. Four of them are belong to the upper class and the others hotels are among the middle class. The bedrooms of all hotel facilities are equipped with shower and toilet. It is also possible to book the hotel through internet and many hotels have their own website and are usually booked directly.
The hotels there are very simple, it is decorated in a lot of woods and built with corrugated iron roofs and the very affectionable are the plants, statues, carved trees and a wall drawing. And take note mostly of the hotels are want cash.
Because of the steady trade winds in this island, it is the best conditions for many surfers and wind surfers to do some activities here. Dives from the cliff is also possible and they offer excellent underwater landscapes especially to the coral reefs. Many tourists make trekking and hiking and some are discovering the unexpected beauty of the island which is can fully indulge in the enchanting environment. Hiking is really fun especially in the cooler that about 20 degrees winter in the footsteps of diverse and interesting culture. Swimming and sunbathing is also possible but you do it only at the beach of Anakena.
Moai y Ahu, the archeological complex of Tahai. Composed of three Ahus; the old ceremonial altars, who were then honored the ancestors that have been elevated to deities. This is an example of the great marriage of the Rapa Nui culture. Today are these Ahus the best preserved on the complete Easter Islands. The complex is located around one kilometer from Hanga Roa.
The Ahu Tongariki is the largest ceremonial center of the Easter Island or also known as the Isla de Pascua. It is about 200 meters long and the middle platform is reached almost 100 meters and there is 15 moai which is almost every 14 meters high.
In the 1960 this is the religious center and was damaged in the earthquake and not rebuilt until the years of 1992 to 1995 by the experts at the University of Chile. The small fishing bay of Hanga Hotu Iti is only few meters away it is used by the fishermen when the waves in the Hanga Roa are too high. The ceremonial center is located in 20 miles east of the Hanga Roa.